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Childhood obesity and effects: Childhood obesity: causes and consequences

Doctors report that only 1 in 4 children are getting the recommended 60 minutes of physical activity per day. Rates of psychiatric disorders in a clinical study group of adolescents with extreme obesity and in obese adolescents ascertained via a population based study.

David Stewart
Monday, June 24, 2019
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  • This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 3.

  • So, you should develop an eating pattern or habits in your children for maintaining weight.

  • Ghosh A.

  • It also recommends limiting foods and beverages with added sugars, solid fats, or sodium.

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These medicines and effects lithium, prednisone, amitriptyline, gabapentin Gralise, Neurontin, Edfectsparoxetine Paxil and propranolol Hemangeol, Inderal. Mol Cell Endocrinol. When we talk of obesity, the first thing to come to your mind is likely to be overeating. You also have the option to opt-out of these cookies. What track are you interested in?

Unfavourable family characteristics and their associations with childhood obesity: A cross-sectional study. For Patients. It is widely accepted that increase in obesity results from an imbalance between energy intake and expenditure, with an increase in positive energy balance being closely associated with the lifestyle adopted and the dietary intake preferences. Childhood obesity causes and consequences.

ALSO READ: Anti Obesity Vaccine Ghrelin And Leptin

Facebook Twitter LinkedIn Syndicate. Source of Support: Nil. This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. Over a long period of time, this can lead to heart failure. Explaining overweight and obesity in children and adolescents of Asian Indian origin: The Calcutta childhood obesity study. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention estimate that 17 percent of 2- to year-old American children are obese, as measured by their body mass index BMI percentile.

This website uses cookies to improve your experience. Strauss, R. Family nurse practitioners and pediatric nurse practitioners can help treat childhood obesity, in traditional clinical settings obesiyy other environments. Mostly obesity occurs due to too much daily calories intake relative to daily calories consumption. If the data compiled for the United States alone is to be believed, the number of obese children in the age group of years has doubled, while the number for children in the age group of years has tripled over the last three decades. Frequently eating calories rich foods, like baked foods, fast foods, desserts, candies and snacks, can cause your child to gain weight.

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A recent review concluded that the majority of studies find a prospective relationship between eating disturbances and depression. American Academy of Pediatrics. Our society tends to use food as a reward, as a means to control others, and as part of socializing. Narang I, Mathew JL.

Obesity frequently becomes a lifelong issue. Researchers continue to search for ways to treat obesity, obeesity taking preventive measures has proven to be the best method so far. Normal childhood nutrition and its disorders. As a result of obesity it is possible that for the first time in history our children may have a shorter lifespan than their parents.

ALSO READ: Peer Review Articles On Childhood Obesity

This may reflect the fact that low-income populations tend to have reduced access to medical care. Obesity in children causes many health issues like cardiovascular disease heart attack, heart failure or strokesdiabetes type 2, breathing problems, joint pain, fatty liver disease, gallstones, gastro-oesophageal reflux or heartburn. The study tracked over patients during the years — in the age group of years old. Nursing Intervention Begins Today Through pursuing higher education, nurses develop the skills and gain the practical experience to excel in their practice. Childhood Obesity: Its causes, effects and treatment. Normal childhood nutrition and its disorders.

Feldman, M. Nurses have a role to play in tackling the effects of childhood obesity, and those obesitt on pediatrics or family practice should be aware of its causes, consequences, and continued rise. In addition, family mealtimes can influence the type of food consumed and the amount thereof. Author information Copyright and License information Disclaimer. Mostly obesity occurs due to too much daily calories intake relative to daily calories consumption. Non-necessary Non-necessary.

Being overweight increases a child's risk for a number of diseases and conditions, including:. The obesity epidemic is a worldwide phenomenon. Many studies have been conducted to examine whether these foods have contributed to the increase in childhood obesity. There are many components that play into childhood obesity, some being more crucial than others. Family factors have also been associated with the increase of cases of obesity. Nutr Rev. The commitment and compassion with which we care for all children and families is matched only by the pioneering spirit of discovery and innovation that drives us to think differently, to find answers, and to build a better tomorrow for children everywhere.

Effects of Childhood Obesity

In addition, eating healthy foods and being physically obesitg helps to prevent chronic diseases such as type 2 diabetes, some cancers, and heart disease. Conflict of Interest: None declared. Generally, overeating refers to the major cause of obesity. The numbers in the parentheses 1, 2, 3 are clickable links to peer-reviewed scientific papers. We follow a strict editorial policy and we have a zero-tolerance policy regarding any level of plagiarism.

Sugary beverages A study examining children aged 9—14 from —, found that consumption of sugary beverages increased BMI by small amounts over the years. Fax Acta Paediatr. Not getting enough physical activity and spending too much time on sedentary activities such as watching television or other screen devices can lead to weight gain. Generation Health Registration is always open for the Generation Health program.

ALSO READ: National Obesity Task Force 2008 Gsxr

However, there is increasing evidence indicating that an individual's genetic background is important in determining obesity risk. Andersen, R. In addition, family mealtimes can influence the type of food consumed and the amount thereof. Post navigation Next post Best multivitamin for women over September 8,

J Consult And effects Psychol. Negative feelings developed among older obese children often have longer-term consequences for their emotional and mental well-being as they become adults. Kliegman RM, et al. If you're worried that your child is putting on too much weight, talk to his or her doctor. Family factors Family factors have also been associated with the increase of cases of obesity. Preventing obesity in childhood may eliminate many of the adverse health and economic consequences associated with obesity later in life.

Childhood Obese mannequins for sale and Screen Time Screen time, which includes watching TV, playing video games and using computers, makes children less active and more obese. Childhood obesity is one of the most serious public health challenges of the 21 st century. Some children have larger than average body frames. Keywords: Childhood obesity, consequences, epidemiology, lifestyle, non-communicable disease, overweight. Obesity most commonly begins between the ages of 5 and 6, or during adolescence.

Introduction

Links with this icon indicate that you are leaving the CDC and effects. One of the best strategies to reduce childhood obesity is to improve the eating and exercise habits of your entire family. Childhood obesity is a serious issue in the United States. The social consequences of obesity may contribute to continuing difficulty in weight management. Minus Related Pages.

Address for correspondence: Dr. This content does not have an Arabic version. Childhod Rev. External link. It can be difficult to make healthy food choices and get enough physical activity in environments that do not support healthy habits. Unhealthy weight gain due to poor diet and lack of exercise is responsible for overdeaths each year. Globally inthe number of overweight children under the age of five is estimated to be over 42 million.

Cornette R. Places such as childcare centers, schools, or communities can affect diet and activity through childhoor foods and drinks they offer and the opportunities for physical activity they provide. Your email address will not be published. Skip to main content. This study revealed most patients had fluctuating weight between childhood and adulthood. Int J Eat Disord. Medical consequences Childhood obesity has been linked to numerous medical conditions.

Metabolic Syndrome

About Emotional Health. Chapman G, Qnd H. Skip to primary navigation Skip to main content Skip to primary sidebar Skip to footer Causes and Effects of Childhood Obesity With the World Health Organization WHO categorically stating that 'childhood obesity' is one of the 'most serious public health challenges of the 21st century', we decided to run a background check on the causes and effects of the same.

In fact, a poor diet can childhood obesity and effects your child to develop one or both of these conditions. Mental health and psychosocial characteristics in adolescent obesity: Obezity population-based case-control study. Snack foods include foods such as chips, baked goods, and candy. Body fatness and risk for elevated blood-pressure, total cholesterol, and serum-lipoprotein ratios in children and adolescents. Balancing energy or calories consumed from foods and beverages with the calories burned through activity plays a role in preventing excess weight gain.

It is the second in the new series. Address for correspondence: Dr. Furthermore, maturation pattern differs between genders and different ethnic groups. Causes of Childhood Obesity. This will only take a minute. Some medicines or drugs can raise the risk of weight gain and obesity.

Overweight for Life

Bass R, Eneli I. J Family Med Prim Care. Childhood effects and risk of the adult metabolic syndrome: a systematic review. Environmental factors While extensive television viewing and the use of other electronic media has contributed to the sedentary lifestyles, other environmental factors have reduced the opportunities for physical activity.

There obese mannequins for sale many ways to get fruits and vegetables into your child's diet. Sign Up to our Newsletter. Your support will help us kbesity to produce and distribute Facts for Familiesas well as other vital mental health information, free of charge. Skelton JA. Weight loss requires changes in everyday habits. This new conceptualization leads us to simultaneously address the root causes of nutritional deficiencies which in turn will contribute to the control of under nutrition and the prevention of obesity, diabetes, and other NRCDs.

  • Taking steps to prevent weight problems can help your child avoid other health issues. Research has consistently found that body satisfaction is higher in males than females at all ages.

  • Experts say it's important to treat obesity in teenage years before the health issues become effevts in adulthood. According to the World Health Organization, pediatric obesity is one of the very severe global health concerns of the 21st century, putting children at serious risk for Type 2 diabetesasthmaand heart failure.

  • So you might not know by how your child looks if weight is a health concern.

  • Studies emerging from different parts of India within last decade are also indicative of similar trend.

  • A study examining children aged 9—14 from —, found that consumption of sugary beverages increased BMI by small amounts over the years. But opting out of some of these cookies may have an effect on your browsing experience.

About childhood obesity. Learn More. You will be subject to the destination website's privacy policy when you follow the link. Obesity Silver Spring ; 15 —

In modern time, childhood obesity is a common eeffects in all over the world. In fact, the reason behind this is inherited genes in children from their parents that make their bodies more probable to gain weight. We value your privacy. Snack foods include foods such as chips, baked goods, and candy.

Let’s move forward

It is widely accepted that increase in obesity results from an imbalance between energy intake and expenditure, with an increase in positive energy balance being closely associated with the lifestyle adopted and the dietary intake preferences. Elsevier; Childhood obesity and risk of the adult metabolic syndrome: a systematic review.

So you might not know by childhood obesity and effects your child looks if weight is a health concern. Overweight children are much more likely to become overweight adults unless they adopt and maintain healthier patterns of eating and exercise. Polfuss ML, et al. Worldviews Evid Based Nurs. Childhood unhealthy weights may result in serious medical problems in childhood such as:. What's this? Overweight or obese children:.

This content does not have an Arabic version. Extra weight in the neck area can block their airways. Body Mass Index BMI expresses the relationship of weight-to-height and is used to screen and monitor the risk of obesity. Obesity and asthma: pathophysiology and implications for diagnosis and management in primary care.

There are many components that play into childhood obesity, some being more crucial than others. Childhood obesity: Trends and potential causes. Ovesity, S. Literature consistently provides evidence for physical health risks associated with childhood obesity; however in recent times, mental health of the obese children has also gained attention of the researchers as well as clinicians. Definitely not. Both conditions occur due to unhealthy or poor diet. Contributing factors.

What are the causes of childhood obesity?

As for genetic disorders, there do exist some rare disorders, like the Prader-Willi Syndrome and Bardet-Biedl syndrome, which lead to obesity in children. Next Post ». In research, techniques include underwater weighing densitometrymulti-frequency bioelectrical impedance analysis BIAand magnetic resonance imaging MRI.

What's this? J Sch Health. Childhood obesity can turn into a life-threatening condition in the long run as the problems will only become severe with growing age. They also face numerous other hardships including negative stereotypes, discrimination, and social marginalization. Although methods such as densitometry can be used in research practice, they are not feasible for clinical settings. Waist circumference seems to be more accurate for children because it targets central obesity, which is a risk factor for type II diabetes and coronary heart disease.

You may need additional help from a nutritionist or dietician. Sugary beverages A study examining children aged 9—14 from —, found that consumption of sugary beverages increased BMI by small amounts over the years. A study by conducted by Williams et al. These cookies do not store any personal information.

Convenience foods, such as frozen dinners, salty snacks, and canned pastas, can also contribute qnd unhealthy weight gain. Obese children ages 12 to 17 are twice as likely to be unhappy as obese children under age six see Figure 7. However, this condition is often overlooked, these obese kids when mature are more vulnerable to the health effects of obesity. Influence of behavioral determinants on the prevalence of overweight and obesity among school going adolescents of Aligarh. In contrast, consuming healthy foods and being physically active can help children grow and maintain a healthy weight. One of the best strategies to reduce childhood obesity is to improve the eating and exercise habits of your entire family. Individual and environmental influences on adolescent eating behaviours.

Introduction

Psychological factors Depression and anxiety A recent review concluded that the majority of studies find a prospective relationship between eating disturbances and depression. Another factor that has been studied as childhood obesity and possible contributing factor of childhood obesity is the consumption of snack foods. See tips to help children maintain a healthy weight. Childhood obesity has been linked to numerous medical conditions. These conditions include, but are not limited to, fatty liver disease, sleep apnea, Type 2 diabetes, asthma, hepatic steatosis fatty liver diseasecardiovascular disease, high cholesterol, cholelithiasis gallstonesglucose intolerance and insulin resistance, skin conditions, menstrual abnormalities, impaired balance, and orthopedic problems.

J Am Coll Nutr. Links with this icon indicate that you are leaving the CDC website. This in turn inevitably results in weight gain, as the amount of calories consumed exceeds the amount of energy burned. Being overweight increases a child's risk for a number of diseases and conditions, including:.

  • Also, be sure your child sees the doctor for well-child checkups at least once a year. Moreover, if parents enforce a healthier lifestyle at home, many obesity problems could be avoided.

  • Links with this icon indicate that you are leaving the CDC website.

  • It is often difficult for overweight children to participate in physical activities as they tend to be slower than their peers and contend with shortness of breath.

  • Psychological issues may also lead to obesity in some children. These cookies will be stored in your browser only with your consent.

J Sch Health. Such a plan would include reasonable weight loss goals, dietary and physical activity management, behavior modification, and family involvement. This can help determine if your child's weight is in an unhealthy range. Gallstones — The incidence of gallstones is significantly higher in those who are obese.

Osganian, S. Compensation for energy intake from fast food among overweight and lean adolescents. Medication is also available for obesiyt childhood obesity but it only recommended or prescribed by a physician under specific conditions. Definition of Childhood Obesity Although definition of obesity and overweight has changed over time, it can be defined as an excess of body fat BF.

Obesity is associated with physical inactivity

However, in men, atherosclerotic cerebrovascular disease and colorectal cancer were substantially noticed. Both conditions occur due to childhood obesity and effects or erfects diet. Being overweight, these kids are also likely to face problems related to lack of stamina. Environmental factors While extensive television viewing and the use of other electronic media has contributed to the sedentary lifestyles, other environmental factors have reduced the opportunities for physical activity. Binge eating in obese children and adolescents.

Current conceptualisation of body image dissatisfaction: Have we got it wrong? As proposed by the National Taskforce on Obesityfiscal policies such as taxing unhealthy options, providing incentives for the distribution of inexpensive healthy food, and investing in convenient recreational facilities or the esthetic childhood obesity of neighborhoods can enhance healthy eating and physical activity. However, differences in basal metabolic rates are not likely to be responsible for the rising rates of obesity. So you might not know by how your child looks if weight is a health concern. Patient Education A-Z. An obese adolescent must therefore learn to eat and enjoy healthy foods in moderate amounts and to exercise regularly to maintain a desired weight. Places such as childcare centers, schools, or communities can affect diet and activity through the foods and drinks they offer and the opportunities for physical activity they provide.

Dietary factors have been studied extensively for its possible contributions to chilshood rising rates of obesity. The emotional impact of obesity on children. Overweight children are more likely to become obese adults and therefore, dismissing excessive weight gain as baby fat is not at all a wise thing to do. See tips to help children maintain a healthy weight. The Center studies the impact of demographic changes on public and private institutions and on the economic and health security of families and people of all ages. Acta Paediatr.

What Are The Long-Term Effects Of Childhood Obesity?

J Nutr Educ Behav. Skip to content. Moreover, if parents enforce a healthier lifestyle at home, many obesity problems could be avoided.

Portion sizes have increased drastically in the past decade. Support Center Support Center. How can we help? What's this?

Panjikkaran ST, Kumari K. Fax There is no consensus on a cut-off point for excess fatness of overweight or obesity in children and adolescents. Obesity: The policy challenges: The report of the national taskforce on obesity.

Rates of psychiatric disorders in a clinical study group of adolescents with childhood obesity and effects obesity and in obese adolescents ascertained via a population based study. And second, more time in front of dffects TV means more time for snacking, and more exposure to ads for the high-sugar, high-fat foods that make up most food marketing. Some medicines or drugs can raise the risk of weight gain and obesity. Examining Advanced Practice Nursing Paths. Sleep Disorders Kids and teens who are obese may also suffer from sleep disorders, such as excessive snoring and sleep apnea. This article provides an evidence based comprehensive overview about the psychological factors and psychiatric factors depression, anxiety, eating disorder, stress, body shape concerns, low self esteem associated with childhood obesity that can further be utilized in the evaluation and management of this epidemic.

Which Country Has The Highest Rate Of It?

These conditions increase the accumulation of plaques in the arteries, which can make arteries thin and harden. Factors affecting prevalence of overweight among 12 to 17 year old urban adolescents in Hyderabad, India. Source of Support: Nil.

Parents of an obese child can improve their child's self esteem by emphasizing their strengths and positive qualities rather cyildhood just focusing on their weight problem. Facts and Figures on Childhood Obesity. Although definition of obesity and overweight has changed over time, it can be defined as an excess of body fat BF. In contrast, consuming healthy foods and being physically active can help children grow and maintain a healthy weight. Other reasons parents gave for driving their children to school included no safe walking route, fear of child predators, and out of convenience for the child.

Let's Work Together! We value your privacy. Definition, epidemiology and etiology of obesity in children and adolescents. Physical Effects: Obesity increases the risk of preventable and chronic health problems in children.

Advertising revenue supports our not-for-profit mission. Obesith G, Maclean H. Guidelines effects overweight in adolescent preventive services - Recommendations from an Expert Committee. Childhood obesity: A call to action. Bariatric Nursing and Surgical Patient. Development of eating behaviours among children and adolescents. Many co-morbid conditions like metabolic, cardiovascular, orthopedic, neurological, hepatic, pulmonary, and renal disorders are also seen in association with childhood obesity.

References

If one parent is obese, there is a 50 percent chance that his or her child will also be obese. About childhood obesity. Liver Problems — People who are obese are at higher risk for a liver problem called nonalcoholic steatohepatitis NASHwhich can lead to cirrhosis.

Regulation of marketing for unhealthy foods is recommended, as is media advocacy to promote healthy eating. Older children, however, are likely developing independent behaviors as obeesity approach adulthood. Socio-emotional consequences In addition to being implicated in numerous medical concerns, childhood obesity affects children's and adolescent's social and emotional health. Obesity in Indian children: Time trends and relationship with hypertension. Parental feeding style is also significant. Obesity and overweight may soon cause as much preventable disease and death as cigarette smoking — somepeople die annually from tobacco-related conditions.

ALSO READ: Diseases And Conditions Related To Obesity In Children

Kapil U, Bhadoria AS. Webber, J. Socio-emotional consequences In addition to being implicated in numerous medical concerns, childhood obesity affects children's and adolescent's social and emotional health. Snack foods Another factor that has been studied as a possible contributing factor of childhood obesity is the consumption of snack foods. Cornette R. In: Nelson Textbook of Pediatrics. Childhood obesity is a prominent problem throughout the U.

On the other hand, there are supporting evidence that excessive sugar intake by soft drink, oobesity portion size, childhood obesity steady decline in physical activity have been playing major roles in the rising rates of obesity all around the world. Overweight or obese children:. Pollock NK. A study examining children aged 9—14 from —, found that consumption of sugary beverages increased BMI by small amounts over the years. Being overweight increases a child's risk for a number of diseases and conditions, including: Asthma — A large number of children who are overweight have asthma. It is an extremely difficult cycle to break. There are several tools your doctor might use to determine if your child is at risk for obesity, including:.

References

The body mass index BMIwhich provides childbood guideline of weight in relation to height, is the accepted measure of overweight and obesity. Psychiatric aspects of child and adolescent obesity: A review of the past 10 years. Links with this icon indicate that you are leaving the CDC website. Lastly, family habits, whether they are sedentary or physically active, influence the child.

It's particularly troubling because the extra pounds often start children childhood obesity and effects the path to health problems that chhildhood once considered adult problems — diabetes, high blood pressure and high cholesterol. Being overweight increases a child's risk for a number of diseases and conditions, including:. The doctor will consider your child's history of growth and development, your family's weight-for-height history, and where your child lands on the growth charts. Related Topics. Tracking of childhood overweight into adulthood: a systematic review of the literature.

To maintain a healthy weight, some children need to decrease the number of calories consumed and increase the number of calories burned. Text Book of Public childhood obesity and effects and Community Medicine. This content does not have an Arabic version. It has been hypothesized that obese individuals have lower basal metabolic rates. A review of family and social determinants of children's eating patterns and diet quality. A study examining children aged 9—14 from —, found that consumption of sugary beverages increased BMI by small amounts over the years.

  • High Blood Pressure — Overweight children are more likely to have high blood pressure that can strain the heart. It is also important to maintain an active lifestyle by getting at least an hour of physical activity a day.

  • Kapil U, Bhadoria AS. They can also communicate with one another regarding how to best address childhood obesity effects with patients and their parents or guardians.

  • While snacking has been shown to increase overall caloric intake, no studies have been able to find a link between snacking and overweight. Helping Your Child Be a Healthy Weight The best way to help an overweight child is by focusing on their health and not their weight.

  • Sweet Drinks and Obesity Sweetened drinks are high in calories and contribute to obesity.

Seidel, and W. This in turn inevitably results in weight gain, as the amount of calories consumed exceeds efcects amount of energy burned. Related Topics. Obesity has increased among all children, regardless of age, sex, and race. Many co-morbid conditions like metabolic, cardiovascular, orthopedic, neurological, hepatic, pulmonary, and renal disorders are also seen in association with childhood obesity.

Advertising revenue supports our not-for-profit mission. Playing hopscotch outside, for example, may be more appealing to a 7-year-old than jogging around the block. Let us see some of the long-term impacts of childhood obesity in this blog. Your child may also experience joint stiffness, pain, and limited range of motion from carrying excess weight.

How common is childhood obesity?

By studying to earn advanced degrees or specialized certificates, nurses acquire necessary skills for advancing their careers in specific areas of health. The relation between eating- and weight-related disturbances and depression in adolescence: A review. Joint Pain Your child may also experience joint stiffness, pain, and limited range of motion from carrying excess weight. The emotional impact of obesity on children.

In the clinical environment, techniques such as BMI, waist obese mannequins for sale, and skin-fold thickness have been used extensively. Parents of an obese child can improve their child's self esteem by emphasizing their strengths and positive qualities rather than just focusing on their weight problem. When children lose weight — even modest amounts of weight — it can reverse the negative effects of metabolic syndrome. Nutr Rev. Sweetened drinks are high in calories and contribute to obesity.

Elsevier; Many factors — usually working in combination — increase your child's risk of becoming overweight:. Definition, epidemiology and etiology of obesity in children and adolescents. Balancing energy or calories consumed from foods and beverages with the calories burned through activity plays a role in preventing excess weight gain.

Causes of Childhood Obesity

A slightly larger effects of obese children from low-income households visit effwcts emergency room, compared to their high-income counterparts. NPs can refer pediatric patients to local health food stores, exercise facilities, sports centers, school programs, or other resources. Not enough physical activity can be another cause of childhood obesity. Exercise burns calories and helps you maintain a healthy weight.

Generation Health Registration is always open for the Generation Health program. But genetic and hormonal factors might play a role as well. Childhood unhealthy weights may result in serious medical problems in childhood such as:. Development of eating behaviours among children and adolescents.

Generally, a child is not considered obese until the weight is at least 10 percent higher than what is recommended for their height and body type. When a child or adolescent with obesity also has emotional problems, a child and adolescent psychiatrist can work with the child's family physician to develop a comprehensive treatment plan. Int J Obes Lond. Decaluwxe V, Braet C. The growing issue of childhood obesity can be slowed, if society focuses on the causes.

The emotional impact of obesity on children. Rates of psychiatric disorders in a clinical study group of adolescents with extreme obesity and in obese adolescents ascertained via a population based study. Poor health stemming from childhood obesity can continue into adulthood. Kids in the obese category have surpassed simply being overweight and are at risk for a number of chronic health conditions. These conditions include, but are not limited to, fatty liver disease, sleep apnea, Type 2 diabetes, asthma, hepatic steatosis fatty liver diseasecardiovascular disease, high cholesterol, cholelithiasis gallstonesglucose intolerance and insulin resistance, skin conditions, menstrual abnormalities, impaired balance, and orthopedic problems.

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