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Obesity journal article 2010: Prevalence of Obesity and Trends in Body Mass Index Among US Children and Adolescents, 1999-2010

The emotional damage caused by obesity results in binge-eating, low confidence, social isolation, and humiliation

David Stewart
Saturday, July 6, 2019
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  • Supporting Information. Gorely, N.

  • Obesity third report session Baumgartner RN.

  • Thus, there were a total of children and adolescents from birth through 19 years of age in the sample; non-Hispanic white, non-Hispanic black, and Hispanic children and adolescents.

  • Epidemiol Rev ; 29 : 98 —

Journal of Obesity

Obesity prevalence obesify low-income, preschool-aged children—United States, Causes of cancer in the world: comparative risk assessment of nine behavioural and environmental risk factors. Table 1. Create a free personal account to download free article PDFs, sign up for alerts, customize your interests, and more. Obesity has been estimated to decrease life expectancy by as little as 0.

These physiologic and metabolic changes may predispose to later disease, consistent with a longitudinal study that showed that those with coronary artery disease, as well as articoe 2 obesity journal article 2010, grew slowly in infancy and fetal life, but increased their BMI rapidly during childhood The increase in the prevalence of overweight and obesity was the fastest in urban boys. The association of fast food consumption with overweight lost statistical significance in this analysis whereas the association with screen time remained statistically significant. Risk factors for rapid weight gain in preschool children: findings from a UK-wide prospective study. The early recognition of excessive weight gain relative to linear growth is essential. Gewa CA. US obesity trends: trends by state —

Am J Clin Nutr ; 72 : — 9. Obesity journal article 2010 and breast cancer: a review of the prospective observational studies. Academic Editor: Aron Weller. Google Scholar Crossref. Hardy, L. The data highlighted the importance of monitoring levels and trends of overweight and obesity in children. Description of the surveys included in the analysis by United Nations UN regions.

Important strengths of the study were jorunal prospective design, the large study population, the repeated measurements at ages 5 and 7 of different behavioral risk factors and the availability of measured rather than parental reported data on weight and height. Forty-one studies assessed the prevalence of obesity in a total of 2, Chinese children and adolescents Table 2. Get free access to newly published articles Create a personal account or sign in to: Register for email alerts with links to free full-text articles Access PDFs of free articles Manage your interests Save searches and receive search alerts. Epigenetic regulation changes in gene expression through DNA methylation or histone modification 85 may affect pre- and postnatal growth patterns and mediate metabolic programming. Obes Rev 9: 2—3.

Introduction

A total of participants 18 year of age participated in the study, and height, weight and abdominal circumference measurements were obtained obesity journal article 2010 trained personal. View Article Google Scholar 3. Obesity link to cancer. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License 4. The national income levels that defined poverty or non-poverty status were utilized by the ENV of

Obesity journal article 2010 in In the sub groups with low maternal education and with maternal overweight the prevalence of oebsity was relatively high see Table 1. These findings confirm the need for effective interventions and programs to reverse anticipated trends. Close mobile search navigation Article Navigation. Global prevalence and trends of overweight and obesity among preschool children Mercedes de OnisMercedes de Onis.

Year A pooled analysis based on years of fieldwork divided into five-year periods demonstrated an increase in obesity over time Table 2. All authors contributed to the final manuscript. Let's Move Web site.

Are dietary patterns in childhood associated with IQ at 8 years of age? The positive trends of fighting heart disease mainly obesity journal article 2010 to reduced smoking in the recent decades will be reversed. In Central America, there has been a marked increase in obesity in the last 30 years. Figure 9. Conclusions Sincethere has been a marked increase in the prevalence of obesity in Panama.

The increase artivle the prevalence of overweight and obesity was the fastest in urban boys. Alet H. Therefore, we extended this review to a larger number of studies and national surveys, carried out a meta-analysis of the prevalence of overweight and obesity from infancy to adolescence in China and described the secular trends in this prevalence from to and the trends in the prevalence categorized by place of residence urban-rural and gender. Cell Biochem Biophys 73— Childhood obesity is associated with earlier pubertal maturation in girls, and early maturing girls tend to have higher BMIs and body fat at the time of menarche 3660 — Lancet ; : —

  • Obesity Silver Spring ; 16 : S33 — 9. Reported weights and heights are not as accurate as actual measurements.

  • This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.

  • Smit et al.

  • The highest prevalence of obesity was noted in urban areas. Accessed April 2,

  • In addition, every discipline has dimensionalized the problem along different lines Fig. Effective treatment requires identification and modification of these etiological vectors 6.

One paper [29] obesity journal article 2010 the successive national survey included seven studies of CHNS in,, If the artivle in the original publication lacked sufficient detail, the study authors were contacted for additional information. Create a free personal account to make a comment, download free article PDFs, sign up for alerts and more. Soc Sci Med ; 68 : — Int J Epidemiol ; 33 : — The study therefore started with newborns.

Public Health Nutr ; 13 : — The worldwide prevalence of childhood overweight and obesity increased from 4. However, most girls increase their body fat as they progress artlcle puberty, and therefore a causal relation has not been established. A recent editorial reviewed the potential effect of both environmental chemicals and family environment, with potential genetic interaction, on the health outcomes and the timing of puberty in girls In —, the prevalence of overweight ranged from 8. In China, urban residents have a higher SES than rural residents. Missing raw data were requested from authors by email.

Reported weights and heights are not as accurate as actual measurements. The CIs were estimated by using the delta method based on the SE of the subregion prevalence estimates Transforming research strategies for understanding and preventing obesity. An increase of BMI by 5 was associated in men with an increased risk of esophageal adenocarcinoma [relative risk RR : 1. J Am Diet Assoc ; : — 9.

The World Bank-Panama. Obesity journal article 2010 8. E-mail address: moc. The obesity prevalence estimates were not age adjusted with a standard population. Finally, the income distribution data available from the ENV and from PREFREC was not obtained as a continuous variable and the income distribution groupings was different in these two surveys. Royal College of Physicians of London.

We obtained the data for analysis from the following studies Table 1 :. Obesity Reviews — Circulation — Panama Overview. Arch Paediatr Adolesc Med ; —8.

Obesity journal article 2010 was also associated to living in urban areas and being above the poverty line, characteristics of lifestyle and economic status that have rapidly changed over the last 3 decades in Panama. Author information Copyright and License information Disclaimer. Mean prevalence rate of obesity in Panamanian adults by province and indigenous regions, according to the study ENV II -

  • As indicated previously, these results may have been influenced by selective underreporting of snack consumption by parents of children who were becoming overweight. SUDAAN was used to allow for the complex sample design in the estimation of standard errors using the Taylor series linearization method and for statistical testing.

  • National Heart Lung and Blood Institute. Prevalence of overweight and obesity among young people in Great Britain.

  • Nonetheless, estimates of childhood obesity in the United States tend to be higher than in other countries.

  • Obesity has become stigmatized, and discrimination presents significant challenges in education, health care, and employment. Nevertheless, these three nationally representative studies, designed in part to evaluate the nutritional state and weight of the Panamanian population, allow us to evaluate the changes of the prevalence of obesity that have occurred over the last twenty-five years.

Obesity third report session Obeity and Overweight Factsheet - Our age-specific obesity rates did not have a consistent relation with age, increasing progressively from young adulthood into middle age and decreasing as older age was reached. A population-based cohort study. Predicting obesity in young adulthood from childhood and parental obesity. Resultados, Nacionales [in Spanish]. This results in back, knee, and hip pain and therefore leading to difficulty in walking.

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Statistical analysis Following identification and review, we extracted data pertaining to underweight, normal weight, overweight and obesity for all obesity journal article 2010 provinces and indigenous regions. Effects of obesity on the quality of life. The association of being of African descent and obesity has been well documented in many countries. Inthe prevalence in males increased to Moreover, our goal was to reflect the actual prevalence of obesity in the Panamanian population without losing information or deemphasizing some aspects of the data. Circulation —

Adverse childhood experiences and trauma informed care: treating the whole patient with a 2010 complete osteopathic approach. Table 5. Primatesta, S. Despite these limitations and the inherent speculative nature of extrapolating tothe present estimates provide a useful base for monitoring levels and trends of early childhood overweight and obesity. Prevalence of overweight and obesity in the United States, — J Clin Endocrinol Metab ; 92 : — 6.

Effects of fast-food consumption on energy intake and diet quality among children in a national household survey. National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey response rates. The relation of menarcheal age to obesity in childhood and adulthood: the Bogalusa heart study. Appendix S5.

Am J Clin Nutr ; 82 — Obesity—a public health crisis. In men we found artcle association between higher income and abdominal obesity, but this was not the case for women. Moderate obesity takes years off life expectancy, though not as many as smoking. Gabrielle Britton and Dr. The Health Survey for England report indicated that 1 in 4 adults were obese

A dose-response relationship was observed when it was included joournal a categorical variable in the regression analysis. Bisphenol A at environmentally relevant doses inhibits adiponectin release from human adipose tissue explants and adipocytes. Brunekreef, J. Adverse childhood experiences and trauma informed care: treating the whole patient with a more complete osteopathic approach. Secular trends in body mass index in German children and adolescents: a cross-sectional data analysis via CrescNet between and

Chin J Epidemiol — Obesity Silver Spring — Of these, almost half live in Asia 44 millionwith Eastern Asia contributing the highest number 20 million of all the subregions. Epidemiol Rev ; 29 : 6 — Soc Sci Med —

  • We estimated the reduction of overweight prevalence that could be achieved if the prevalence of risk factors would be reduced.

  • We also found a lower prevalence of obesity among those who identified themselves as being Amerindians. For males, the highest percentage of obesity was found in the in the 45 — 49 year old group in the three studies.

  • Am J Hypertens — Television viewing besides reducing physical activity also promotes increased consumption of energy-rich foods through incessant commercial advertisements [65].

  • The overall prevalence of overweight was 3.

All surveys included boys and girls, and age groups ranged from birth to 5 y. Low maternal education and maternal overweight were found to be strongly associated with overweight in the child. Molecular physiology of weight regulation in mice and humans. Wijga, Salome Scholtens, Wanda J.

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Unraveling the directional link between adiposity and inflammation: a bidirectional Mendelian randomization approach. Estimates of global prevalence of childhood underweight in and World Health Organization. Description of the surveys included in the analysis by United Nations UN regions. Cancer ; : —

  • Specific dietary habits and in activities associated with overweight risk in specific age groups need to be identified and their quantitative contribution to the overweight prevalence in the population needs to be assessed. Sex or age differences in prevalence in may reflect differences in the original reference population.

  • International Association for the Study of Obesity.

  • Int J Epidemiol ; 33 : —

Accessed March 6, Obesity Reviews — Table 2. Figure 9. However, by the year the number had grown to million and has continued to increase since then 8. Department of Health.

It is highly associated with other health problems and diseases obesity journal article 2010 to disability and in many cases death Fig. Socioeconomic variables Articoe national income levels that defined poverty or non-poverty status were utilized by the ENV of East Midlands Public Health. A total of 15, individuals 18 years and older participated in the study and anthropometric measurements were obtained by trained personal.

The purpose of this study was to analyze the most recent estimates of high weight-for-recumbent length or obesity prevalence in US infants, children, and adolescents forto obesity journal trends in high weight-for-recumbent length or obesity prevalence among infants, children, and adolescents between andand to evaluate trends in BMI among children and adolescents aged 2 through 19 years between and Reduction of screen time should be part of interventions to prevent or reduce overweight in young children and could result in a reduction of overweight prevalence in the order of 2 percentage points in both high and low risk sub groups. Materials and Methods 2.

This study has a number of potential limitations, and its findings should be interpreted with some caution. In additional analyses, the associations of physical activity and diet with overweight were also assessed separately for the exposures at age 5 and at age 7. From the perspectives of classification and terminology, prevalence, and recognized consequences, obesity in childhood and youth has been in a state of flux. Oude Luttikhuis, L. Cheng TO Fast food, automobiles, television and obesity epidemic in Chinese children. Longitudinal changes in insulin sensitivity, insulin secretion, and beta-cell function during puberty.

Article of the Year Award: Outstanding research contributions ofas selected by our Chief Editors. Academic Editor: Aron Weller. Subgroup analysis For subgroup analyses, the subjects were categorized according to growth and developmental stages infancy, toddler, pre-school age, school age and adolescence; Table S4. Table 3. Appendix S4.

  • Oude Luttikhuis, L.

  • Emotional and psychological damage Emotional and psychological problems due to obesity is a massive public health problem The most recent nationally representative survey performed in estimated that approximately

  • This behavioral change is influenced by multiple social and environmental factors, including interpersonal family, peers, and social networkscommunity school, workplace, and institutionsand governmental local, state, and national policiesin addition to interaction with biological processes

Obes Res ; 12 — It is highly associated with other health problems and diseases leading to disability and in many cases death Fig. Nutrition reviews — Professor Hubert Lacey, from the Royal College of Psychiatrists said that obesity causes depression rather than depression causing obesity

We found some evidence for an inverse relation between playing outside and overweight, but the associations were weak and not statistically significant. PLoS Med ; 6 : e J Epidemiol. Appendix S5. Participants could report multiple races; in this analysis, multiracial participants were classified as other. Stamatakis, P.

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Trends Endocrinol Metab — High body mass index for age among US children and adolescents, — Methodology for estimating regional and global trends of child malnutrition. It furthers the University's objective of excellence in research, scholarship, and education by publishing worldwide. Eur J Epidemiol ; 23 : — 7.

Initiatives to control this problem will have to take into consideration the observed gender difference and the lifestyle changes 2010 obesiity contributed to the rise of this problem. In the provinces of Panama and Colon, those who identified themselves as being of African origin had a greater association with obesity than whites, mestizos or Amerindians. Obesity and overweight. Obesity a growing public health problem Inthere were an estimated million obese adults worldwide. Ultimately, this will result in increase in the number of amputees, blind people, cancer patients, and the demand for kidney dialysis will increase subsequently. Inthe prevalence in males was

  • J Pediatr ; : — We estimated the reduction of overweight prevalence that could be achieved if the prevalence of risk factors would be reduced.

  • Health care expenditures associated with overweight and obesity among US adults: Importance of age and race.

  • Like most meta-analyses, we pooled together studies conducted under different circumstances in different parts of China among different population groups.

Eva Castillo. From this sample, 11, individuals 18 years obesify older participated in the study and anthropometric measurements were obtained in all of them by trained health care workers. The rates of obesity have similarly increased in the United Kingdom since the s, this rise is projected to continue. British Heart Foundation. The health care costs associated with obesity among adults is higher among the middle aged

This relationship of a lower prevalence of obesity and indigenous status has also been identified in Mexico. Encuesta Nacional de Salud View Article Google Scholar 4. Obesity ; 16 :S24—9.

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These findings confirm the need for effective interventions and programs to reverse anticipated trends. An additional approach to minimizing potential endocrine disruptors is the use of organic foods. Pediatr Clin North Am —

Sawyer, and J. Yang J China's one-child policy and overweight children in the s. Multiple studies have documented physical inactivity by youth 35 Regulation of sex steroid formation by interleukin-4 and interleukin-6 in breast cancer cells.

The prevalence of metabolic syndrome in adolescents increases with higher BMIs; the odds of metabolic syndrome were 1. NCHS growth obesity journal article 2010 for children, birth years. Being an infant of a mother with diabetes, even if not large for gestational age, conveys an additional risk Of the examined children and adolescents, 72 were excluded because they had missing data. Overweight children are more prone to becoming overweight adults, especially at higher BMIs 16 or if they have an obese parent Explaining the findings During the past three decades, China has experienced rapid socio-economic and nutritional transitions, which have led to a more obesogenic environment e.

Moreover, a article 2010 meta-analysis of the 41 studies that assessed the prevalence of obesity showed that boys were more likely to be obese than girls OR, 1. Details of data have been previously published. Although there has been concern regarding environmental exposures, the scientific justification is not strong enough at this time, and there have been no formal expert recommendations. High adiposity and high body mass index-for-age in US children and adolescents overall and by race-ethnic group. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Design: A total of nationally representative cross-sectional surveys from countries were analyzed. Training course on child growth assessment. Conclusions: Childhood overweight and obesity have increased dramatically since Dorosty et al. Portion size of common foods predicts energy intake among preschool-aged children.

Toddlers and urban boys were at particularly high risk; the prevalence obesity journal article 2010 these groups increased more rapidly than in their counterparts. Lorincz AMSukumar S. Relation of BMI to fat and fat-free mass among children and adolescents. Obesity is associated with lower serum vitamin D concentrations; however, it is possible that obese individuals simply store more of this fat-soluble vitamin in a bioinactive form as a result of their adiposity.

Prevalence of men obese in England in and by social class. For females, the highest percentage of obesity was seen obesity journal article 2010 the group aged 45 — 49 years except for ENV III study where the highest percentage was found in the 50 — 54 year old group. Body composition in healthy aging. Conclusions The gloomier picture of the likely threat that the increased prevalence of obesity possesses is concerning.

Journnal, pubertal changes in leptin are sex-dependent, and increased concentrations of androgens in males can lead to a decrease in leptin article 2010 Katherine M. Previous page page 1 page 2 page 3 … page 16 Next page. Decrease in the prevalence of paediatric adiposity in Switzerland from to Obes Rev ; 5 : — Holick MF Vitamin D deficiency. Sign in to save your search Sign in to your personal account.

National Center for Biotechnology InformationU. Obes Res ; 12 — Jensen GL. Discussion There has been a marked increase in obesity in Panama for both males and females in the last 3 decades.

US obesity trends: trends by state — The main limitation to this study is the relatively small sample size based on 2 years of NHANES data and a potential concern over the power to detect changes in the prevalence of obesity. Increased calcium intake has also been associated with a lower risk of obesity, but this association may represent an overall healthier lifestyle and better diet The American Academy of Pediatrics has produced a supplement to address the pediatric and adolescent obesity epidemic, and the following recommendations are adapted from the American Academy of Pediatrics 34 Lorincz AMSukumar S.

  • Chin J Child Health Care 55—

  • Approximately Medical News Today.

  • Recent studies show that the trend toward childhood obesity starts as early as age 6 mo 1920 and that the choice of growth standard is important for identifying the onset of excess weight gain in infants Prevalence and trends of overweight among preschool children in developing countries.

  • For males, the highest percentage of obesity was found in the in the 45 — 49 year old group in the three studies.

  • Explaining the findings During the past three decades, China has experienced rapid socio-economic and nutritional transitions, which have led to a more obesogenic environment e.

More related articles. Obes Rev Article Navigation. To assess the quality of the included studies, we created a specific checklist Appendix S2 based on the methodological criteria proposed by Leboeuf-Yde and Lauritsen for the assessment of prevalence studies, with relevant revisions [23].

Citations 2, In Asia, the estimated prevalence is lower than in Africa 4. Childhood obesity continues to increase in some countries while in other countries or US subgroups it has apparently plateaued. Relation of BMI to fat and fat-free mass among children and adolescents. Obes Rev ; 5 : — These earlier analyses were based on estimates derived by using the National Center for Health Statistics NCHS growth reference 3which was recommended for international use at that time. Am J Clin Nutr.

JAMA ; article 2010 — 3. J Pediatr Adolesc Gynecol ; 22 : 3 — 6. It is estimated that the number of overweight and obese children will increase to close to 60 million in Table 3. The epidemiology of childhood obesity in Canada, Mexico and the United States. J Pediatr ; : 15 — 9.

Because obesity rates vary among different ethnicities, the diseases associated with it may result in health inequalities Figs. References 1. UK Parliament. Accessed March 4, There is weak evidence that the IQ of overweight children is lower than those of normal weight 20 —

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The expression of genes favoring the storage of excess calories as fat—genes that have been selected for oebsity many millennia and are relatively static—becomes maladaptive in a rapidly changing environment that minimizes the opportunities for energy expenditure and maximizes the opportunities for energy intake SUDAAN was used to artile for the complex sample design in the estimation of standard errors using the Taylor series linearization method and for statistical testing. Prevalence and regional differences in overweight in and trends in BMI distribution in Swedish children from to Search Menu. Prevention, preferably starting at an early age, is considered as the key strategy to achieve this goal [ 1 ], and considerable effort is put into the design of preventive measures [ 2 ]. There is no universally agreed on definition of obesity in infants and toddlers from birth to 2 years of age. Statistical analysis To permit comparison, studies that categorized data by residence urban and rural as well as by sex were tabulated separately.

Obes Res ; 12 — We obtained the data for analysis from the following studies Table 1 :. Salud Publica Mex — Obesity and cancer: questions and answers. Am J Public Health ; 95 — Resultados, Nacionales [in Spanish].

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Putting a halt to the rising trend in overweight prevalence has high priority in public health policy all over the developed world. Sign in to customize your interests Sign in to obesit personal account. Screening and data-extraction form Titles and abstracts were examined for inclusion by two independent reviewers ZB Yu and JH Chu on the basis of pre-defined inclusion criteria, and disagreements were resolved by consensus or referred to a third reviewer SP Hanif necessary. Intrauterine, infant, and preschool periods are considered possible critical periods for programming long-term regulation of energy balance 22 —

In Africa, the prevalence of childhood overweight and obesity in is 8. J Epidemiol. Putting a halt to the rising obesity journal article 2010 in overweight prevalence has high priority in public health policy all over the developed world. Odds of Obesity in a. Body-mass index and incidence of cancer: a systematic review and meta-analysis of prospective observational studies. Ying-Xiu Z, Shu-Rong W Secular trends in body mass index and the prevalence of overweight and obesity among children and adolescents in Shandong, China, from to Accessibility verified December 29,

The prevalence of obesity increased from 1. Rona, and E. Further pooled analysis of the prevalence of overweight and obesity in Chinese children and adolescents, categorized according to years of fieldwork demonstrated an increase in overweight and obesity over time. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Cancer ; : — These values represent 9. Lancet ; : —

INTRODUCTION

This study has the following limitations: The data from the ENPA of survey only allowed us to estimate the prevalence of the obese and the non-obese. Obesity and overweight. Government and private sector initiatives will have to be sensitive to factors like body weight perception, gender, and ethnocultural differences, and to the lifestyle changes that have triggered this rapid increase in obesity in Panama. In1 in adults in America were morbidly obese; bythe figure was 1 in Rush AJ.

  • Table 2 shows the associations between diet, physical activity, screen time and overweight. The burden of mortality of obesity at middle and old age is small.

  • Obes Rev ; 9 —

  • J Am Diet Assoc ; : — 9.

  • Prevalence of girls overweight and obese in andby parental body mass index status. Finally, the income distribution data available from the ENV and from PREFREC was not obtained as a continuous variable and the income distribution groupings was different in these two surveys.

  • In general, estimates of high weight-for-recumbent length based on the Increasing prevalence of the metabolic syndrome among US adults.

The results shown are those from 22010 analyses in the imputed data set. Table 5. Search ADS. We repeated the regression analyses in sub groups stratified by maternal weight status and maternal education. Screening and data-extraction form Titles and abstracts were examined for inclusion by two independent reviewers ZB Yu and JH Chu on the basis of pre-defined inclusion criteria, and disagreements were resolved by consensus or referred to a third reviewer SP Hanif necessary. Trends in overweight and obesity and changes in the distribution of body mass index in schoolchildren of Jena, East Germany.

Obes Res ; 12 — The health care costs associated with obesity among adults is higher among the middle aged Obesity Silver Spring, Md — Therefore, the rising trend for obesity will significantly affect the health of the population as well their contribution to the economy and society 4. Statistical analysis Following identification and review, we extracted data pertaining to underweight, normal weight, overweight and obesity for all the provinces and indigenous regions. In addition, every discipline has dimensionalized the problem along different lines Fig.

Significant linear trend for prevalence estimates of obesity. NCHS data brief: 1—8. Panama Overview. The most recent nationally representative survey performed in estimated that approximately Ethnicity is one of the major determinants in obesity trends.

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